Commun Sci Disord. 2017;22(4): 657-668.
Published online December 31, 2017.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.17414
Linguistic Disfluency Induced by Nonword and Sentence Repetition Tasks in Preschool Children with and without Vocabulary Delay
Yoonhee Yang, Hyun Sub Sim, and Dongsun Yim
Department of Communication Disorders, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Hyun Sub Sim ,Tel: +82-2-3277-2120, Fax: +82-2-3277-2122, Email: simhs@ewha.ac.kr
Received July 5, 2017  Revised: August 22, 2017   Accepted September 6, 2017
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All children demonstrate subtle linguistic disfluencies; children with vocabulary delay (VD), regardless of the presence of speech disorders, tend to produce disfluencies when phonological (linguistic) demands exceed their capacities. The current study examined whether the subtypes of linguistic disfluencies induced by nonword repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks can discriminate between children with VD those without VD.
Seventeen children with VD between the ages of 5 to 6 and 18 agematched children with normal language (NL) participated in this study. Participants’ performance was assessed with NWR and SR, which impose a load on phonological memory. We analyzed speech samples collected during two repetition tasks. Repeated measured ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation, and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis.
Significant differences were found according to group and disfluency subtype. In the VD group, expressive vocabulary scores only correlated with R2 (Repetition2) in SR; this did not significantly correlate with any of the linguistic subtypes in the NL group. R2 in SR in the VD group showed significant predictive power for expressive vocabulary scores.
These results demonstrate that linguistic disfluencies are more common in VD than NL groups. The VD children produced more disfluencies, especially with sentence level stimuli; these stimuli may place a greater phonological processing load on the children to recall content. Such a phonological (linguistic) load may negatively influence their speech planning and production.
Keywords: Linguistic disfluency | Preschool language delay | Phonological memory load | Nonword repetition | Sentence repetition
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