ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2017;22(4): 784-793.
Published online December 31, 2017.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.17430
Adolescents’ Locus of Causality Differences according to Age and Gender as Determined by Communication Locus of Causality Measure
Kyungjae Lee
Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology, Daegu Catholic University, Gyeongsan, Korea
Corresponding Author: Kyungjae Lee ,Tel: +82-53-850-2543, Fax: +82-53-359-6780, Email: kjlee0119@cu.ac.kr
Received October 2, 2017  Revised: November 19, 2017   Accepted November 24, 2017
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
A questionnaire-type measure for communication-related locus of causality of adolescents who stutter has been recently proposed. The primary purpose of the current study was to apply this proposed measure and determine whether there would be differences in Communication Locus of Causality scores according to age and gender. Moreover, the validity of the questionnaire-type measure would be determined by comparison with locus of causality scores based on content analysis, Locus of Control of Behavior (LCB) scores, and communication attitude test scores.
Methods
A total of 40 adolescents who do not stutter took part in the current study. They completed the questionnaire-type measure of Communication Locus of Causality measure. In addition, two writing samples of the participants were analyzed following content analysis procedures to produce communication-related and general locus of causality scores. The LCB and Communication Attitude Test (Paradise-Fluency Assessment-II) were also administered.
Results
There was no significant difference in the Communication Locus of Causality scores and other measures’ scores according to age and gender, although there was a medium-sized effect. There were some significant relationships among the measures.
Conclusion
The results of the current study suggest that the Communication Locus of Causality measure has appropriate validity. In addition, possible individualized differences of adolescents should be considered in the assessment and management of adolescents who stutter.
Keywords: Stuttering | Adolescents | Origin | Pawn | Locus of causality
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