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Commun Sci Disord. 2001;5(2): 1-22.
The Effect of Written Expression Instruction by Word Processing on Written Expression Ability in the Intermediate Grade Students with Writing Disabilities
Jeong Wa Shim` , and Hyun Sook Park`
Copyright ©2001 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
심정와(Jeong Wa Shim)| 박현숙(Hyun Sook Park)
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The purpose of this study was to test the effect of written expression instruction by word processing on written expression ability in student s with writing disabilities at the intermediate grade level. For this purpose, 20 children with writing difficulties were selected to be divided into two groups, experimental and control (5 5th and 5 6th grader s). The experimental group was trained to acquire word processing techniques for 10 100-minute sessions and written expression skills for 20 60-minute sessions, while the control group was trained to learn written expression skills for 20 60-minute sessions by a traditional method (paper and pencils). The written expression instruction was composed of planning- composition- revision procedures, and the written expression ability was evaluated by measuring story content s, length, and correctness using pretest , the 1st posttest (word processor ) and the 2nd posttest (paper and pencils ). ANCOVA was used to analyze the collected data utilizing the written expression pretest score as a covariate. The result s obtained in this study are summarized as follows : (1) The experimental group showed significantly higher performance in story content ; (2) A significant differ - ence was not found between the 2 groups in story length with the 1st posttest , but a difference was found with the 2nd posttest ; and (3) In terms of story correctness, the experimental group showed significantly higher performance in spelling, spacing words, punctuation except grammar . This result implies that the written expression ability of student s with writing difficulties could be enhanced by providing them with sufficient opportunities to learn word processing skills along with appropriate written expression instruction.
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