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Commun Sci Disord. 2002;7(1): 65-80.
Word-Finding Abilities in Children with Specific Laguage Impairment
Yoonkyoung Lee` , and Young Tae Kim`
Copyright ©2002 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
이윤경(Yoonkyoung Lee)| 김영태(Young Tae Kim)
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The present study was designed to compare word- finding abilities between children with specific language impairment and normal children. Forty- five children participated in this study: 15 children with specific language impairment (SLI group) whose language age were 4;6-6;6, 15 normal children chronological- age matched with the SLI children(CA controls), and 15 normal children matched on a composite index of language age with the SLI children (LA controls ). Picture naming task and word recognition task were used. Children were shown 35 pictures of object s and asked to name each, and then were again asked to identify all misnamed object s by pointing to the picture arrays consisted of the target and three foils. Frequency and type of error s were analysed. The principal findings were as follows: (1) The SLI group demonstrated significantly higher frequency of total misnamed items and those misnamed but recognized than the CA controls. But they were not significantly different from the LA controls. (2) Error type analysis showed significant differences in unrelated and visual error s. Unrelated error s were significantly higher for the SLI group compared with the CA controls, but there were no significant differences compared with the LA controls. Visual error s were significantly different between the CA controls and the LA controls, but there were no significant differences between the SLI group and two control groups. (3) As for the order of error types, the SLI group produced unrelated error s most frequently, and semantic and visual error s followed, and phonological error s were produced least frequently. But in the CA controls and the LA controls, semantic error s were produced most frequently, and visual and unrelated error s followed, phonological error s being produced least frequently.
Keywords: 낱말찾기능력 | 단순언어장애 | 그림이름대기검사 | 낱말이해검사 | 오류분석
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