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Commun Sci Disord. 2004;9(2): 83-101.
The Comparison of Communication Strategies and Dialogue Sequence in Children with and without Mental Retardation
Ji Sook Kim` , and Young Wook Kim`
Copyright ©2004 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
김지숙(Ji Sook Kim)| 김영욱(Young Wook Kim)
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This study investigated the use of communication strategies and dialogue sequence of children with and without mental retardation. The participants were 20 children with mental retardation(aged 5 to 7) and 13 normal children(aged 4 and 5). First, in relevance to communication strategies, the children with mental retardation used communication strategies less than normal children did. However, they seemed to use diverse patterns of communication strategies in the similar way. These results indicated that although the children with mental retardation could actually use communication strategies, they couldn’t use them appropriately. Second, in the analysis of the dialogue sequence, the children with mental retardation showed the dialogue sequence. As to the use of communication strategies, the critical problem of the children with mental retardation was not the frequency but the appropriateness. In conclusion, the findings indicate that although the children with mental retardation could produce communication strategies and the dialogue sequence, they failed to use appropriate communication strategies. Thus, in order to improve their skills of communication, we should provide opportunities to use communication strategies.
Keywords: 정신지체아동 | 의사소통 전략 | 의미협상전략 | 대화연쇄 | communication strategies | meaning-negotiation strategies | the dialogue sequence
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