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Commun Sci Disord. 2007;12(4): 662-675.
Conversation Characteristics of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Sung Eun Kim` , and Yoonkyoung Lee`
Copyright ©2007 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
김성은(Sung Eun Kim)| 이윤경(Yoonkyoung Lee)
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Background & Objectives
This study’s purpose was to investigate the conversational characteristics of children with ADHD.
Ten children with ADHD and 10 normal children, matched with their language age at 4.0-6.0 years, participated in this study. Spontaneous utterances were elicited and videotaped during free play interaction and structured interaction between the child and the researcher. The utterances produced by children were analyzed in terms of number of turn and interruptions in turn-taking, number of topic maintenance and average utterances of topic maintenance in topic maintenance, appropriate and inappropriate responsiveness. The results were analyzed by t-test.
The results obtained in the present study were as follows: (1) ADHD children produced significantly fewer number of turns than normal children. The occurrence rate of ADHD children’s interruptions was significantly higher than that of normal children in turns. (2) The occurrence rate for ADHD topic maintenance was significantly lower in ADHD children than that of the normal children, and both groups of children did not show any significant difference in the number of average utterances for maintaining the topic of conversation. (3) Significant differences were seen between the two groups with regards to the type of response; ADHD children gave significantly more inappropriate responses than normal children.
Discussion & Conclusion
The results revealed that there were quantitative and qualitative differences between children with ADHD and normal children matched language ability. The relate of conversational turn-taking and behavioral characteristics of children with ADHD were discussed.
Keywords: 주의력결핍 과잉행동장애 | 말차례 주고받기 | 주제유지 | 대화반응 | Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) | conversational turn-taking | topic maintenance
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